How Does 5G Work?
Wireless networks are made up of a multitude of cell sites which are maintained in sectors. They send data via radio waves. The foundation for 5G is fourth generation (4G) long-term evolution (LTE). 4G requires powerful, large cell towers to send signals at great distances.
5G Method of Transmission
Whereas 5G is transmitted using large numbers of small cells via much smaller cell stations located on the roofs of buildings and light poles. Many small cells are needed to effectively travel the 30 to 300 gigahertz (GHz) required for 5G to create high speeds effectively. Many factors can interfere with the transmission such as weather, buildings, or trees which hinder the path of the GHz.
Earlier wireless technology used lower frequency bands of the spectrum. In order to counter the problems of distance and interference in the wireless industry then lower frequency spectrum for 5G may be used by network operators who want to use the spectrum to effectively create their own various networks. The lower frequency spectrum can span great distances at low speeds and at a greater capacity than the mmWave.